Tuberculosis is an infection caused by a type of bacterium called mycobacterium tuberculosis.
It typically affects the lungs but can spread to other parts of the body such as the brain and spine causing damage.
When an infected person coughs or sneezes, tiny droplets containing the bacterium are released in the air, a healthy person that inhales these droplets can become infected with tuberculosis, although it would require prolonged close contact with an infected person to contract it.
Children, old people and people living in overcrowded houses with poor ventilation are at higher risk of getting infected with tuberculosis.
If you have any of these symptoms, it is possible you may have been infected with tuberculosis:
– Persistent cough lasting for more than 3 weeks
– Coughing up blood or bloody sputum.
– Night sweats
– Unintentional weight loss
– Chest pain
You can protect yourself from tuberculosis and prevent its spread by:
– Ensuring you and your family get the BCG vaccination that protects against tuberculosis.
– Living in less crowded housing with good ventilation.
– Covering your mouth when you cough or sneeze.
– Avoiding long periods of time in stuffy rooms with people that have an active tuberculosis infection.
– Ensuring that you report all suspected cases of tuberculosis to the hospital for prompt treatment (if found to be tuberculosis) and prevention of spread to others.
If you’ve been diagnosed with tuberculosis there’s no need to panic, tuberculosis can be effectively managed with drug treatment.
Join the fight against tuberculosis today, spread the message and not the infection.