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6 types of people who are most likely to get depressed

Dr. Lala .A.

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Who are the people most likely to get depressed?
1. People who have low self esteem, or are too dependent, criticise themselves a lot or those who have negative thoughts about everything.
2. People who recently experienced the death or loss of a loved one, or are in physically or sexually abusive relationships or those who have financial problems.
3. People who have relatives that are depressed or have been depressed.
4. People with history of mental problems like anxiety disorder (person gets too anxious all the time), eating disorder (person eats too much or rarely eats.)
5. People who are drug addicts.
6. People with serious medical conditions like cancer, stroke, chronic pain.

Are there types of depression?
There are different types of depression
1. Major depressive disorder (When someone feels depressed most of the time for most days of the week or thinks about death or committing suicide often.)
2 Chronic depression; depression that lasts for two or more years.
3. Bipolar depression; when depression occurs with mania (condition of elevated mood in which an individual behaves or feels abnormally energetic, happy or irritable.)
4. Seasonal depression; when depression occurs at a particular time of the year in certain individuals e.g during cold seasons.
5. Psychotic depression; when people with mental illness have symptoms of depression.
6. Post partum depression; depression that occurs in a woman after delivery of her baby.
7. Substance- induced depression; depression that occurs due to use of harmful addictive drugs like cocaine.

Is depression treatable?
Good news!!! Yes, depression is treatable
The treatment plan for depression depends on the type and severity of depression.
Some people may require psychotherapy when the symptoms are mild.
Psychotherapy is a situation where a health personnel talks to you about your condition in order to help you solve your problems and get better.
Other forms of treatments include;
-Exercise
-Drugs (anti-depressants)
-Brain stimulation techniques such as electro-convulsive therapy

How do I know someone may commit suicide?
1. When the person talks a lot about killing himself or herself.
2. When the person talks about harming himself or herself or others.
3. When the person behaves in a very aggressive or impulsive manner.
(Call a doctor immediately if you notice these symptoms in anybody, you may help save a life.)

What you should remember about depression?
Depression is a serious disease that can affect individuals and families.
It is common and is not a new disease.
People that are depressed often do not speak up because of fear of stigmatisation.
Depression often gets worse if it is not treated, and can affect every area of the victim’s life, sometimes leading to suicide.

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Dr. Lala .A. is a graduate of University of Ilorin who also holds a Diploma in Computer Engineering. She is an MDCN (Medical and Dental Council of Nigeria) certified doctor who aspires to be a plastic surgeon involved in creating awareness about women's rights and responsibilities and also training would be surgeons. She is a proud member of various reputable bodies including the Nigerian Medical Association (NMA) and Young Africa Leaders Initiative (YALI). She loves to read, write, sleep and play the drums in her spare time.