People ranging from strangers to loved ones use words like – Are you crazy? Are you mad? How often these expressions are directed at you could mean you need behavioral modifications or psychiatric evaluation.
Well, accepting that you are crazy might be a good hint that proves that you are sane.
Mental health according to World Health Organization is defined as a state of wellbeing in which an individual realizes his or her own potential, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to her or his own community. There is no health without mental health.
20% of Nigerians are reported to suffer from one form of mental illness or the other.
Common types of mental illnesses are-
1) Neurodevelopmental disorders– they manifest in early childhood. These include intellectual disabilities (mental retardation), Autism Spectrum disorders, Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder.
2) Mental disorders due to Psychoactive Substance use and Addictive disorder – this could be alcohol, caffeine, tobacco related and gambling disorders.
3) Depressive and bipolar disorders – e.g. depression, in which an intense feeling of sadness is experienced with other symptoms.
4) Schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders– brain disorder that distort the way a person thinks, acts, expresses emotion and perceives reality. Symptoms include delusions and hallucinations.
5) Anxiety and stress-related disorders –these could be escalation of worry and fear e.g. panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder and specific phobias.
6) Personality disorders – Examples include antisocial personality disorder, obsessive-compulsive personality disorder, and paranoid personality disorder
8) Feeding and eating disorders-e.g. anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa.
9) Sexual dysfunctions and Gender identity confusion– e.g. erectile disorder, delayed ejaculation, female orgasmic disorder.
12) Disruptive, Impulse-control and conduct disorders e.g. kleptomania (irresistible impulse to steal), antisocial personality disorder.
13) Neurocognitive disorders– e.g. delirium, dementia.
14) Other mental disorders – e.g. due to Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV).
Most of these disorders can be successfully managed. You can always check with your doctors for expert help.