Feeling a bulge in the vagina is not an unusual symptom, it happens in many women, especially in those who have experienced child birth. It is usually caused by a condition known as pelvic organ prolapse.
Pelvic organ prolapse is the bulging of one or more pelvic organs such as the womb,bladder or part of the intestines into the vagina as a result of weakening of the muscles or ligaments supporting these organs.
It is caused by:
-Trauma during childbirth
-Delivery of a large baby
-Difficult labour and delivery
-Low levels of estrogen hormone such as in menopause
-Previous pelvic surgery such as removal of the womb
– recurrent excessive straining when using the toilet due to long-term constipation.
-Being overweight or obese puts you at risk of developing it
There are 3 types:
–Anterior prolapse (cystocele) where the bladder bulges into the front wall of the vagina.
–Prolapse of the uterus, cervix or top of the vagina
–Posterior prolapse (rectocele/enterocele) where the intestines bulge into the back wall of the vagina.
It is possible to have more than one type of prolapse at a time.
Some people with this condition may not experience any symptoms at all, however, Symptoms include:
– a sensation of a bulge from the vagina that can be pushed back
– discomfort during sex
– Leaking small amounts of urine during coughing, sneezing and exercise
-Pelvic floor exercises
-Use of pessaries (silicon devices that come in a variety of shapes and sizes,placed into the vagina to hold pelvic organs in place).