Many mothers have successfully treated their wards at home. However its important to recognize signs that necessitate that the child be brought to the hospital as soon as possible for expert management. They include;
1. Change in breathing pattern.
• .difficulty in breathing characterized by nasal flaring, subcoastal recession i.e sucking in the belly to breathe.
• .noisy breathing.
• .Fast breathing.
2. Change in child’s coloring.Note the color of the lips or fingertips becoming darkish or bluish. This indicates that the child is not getting adequate oxygen.
3. A child less than 1month.
4. Duration of cough greater than 3weeks.
5. Child between 1-3mths of age coughing for more than 72hrs.
6. Coughing till there’s blood in d conjunctiva(transparent membrane covering the white part of the eyes)
7. Coughing to the extent of losing consciousness.
8. Presence of fever.
9. Presence of blood in expellant.
10. Vomiting with cough.
If your child isn’t experiencing any of the above, here are some home remedies you can use to ease the distress of coughing for him/her;
• liberal fluid intakes, which helps to reduce the thickness of the secretion in the airway thereby aiding easy removal.
• Warm liquid given at frequent intervals helps to soothe the soreness in the airway/ chest.
• .Humidified air or steam inhalation. This can be achieved by several ways….run a hot bathe with the doors closed and be in it with child for about 30mins
.Persuade the child to abstain from strenuous exercise.
• Buy over the counter cough expectorant.
Vaccination is the first point of action at birth and as the child grows, ensure following of the National Program on Immunization, before the child has a cough. Vaccinations are usually give against more serious communicable diseases like diphtheria, pertussis or TB.