Prostate cancer is a type of cancer that affects the prostate gland, a small gland located just below the bladder in men. The prostate gland secretes seminal fluid that nourishes, protects and transports sperm.
It is one of the most common cancers that are found in men and when detected on time, it can be treated successfully.
Prostrate cancer does not usually cause symptoms until the cancer has grown large enough to cause urinary problems. Some common symptoms experienced by people with prostate cancer include:
1. The need to urinate more frequently, especially at night (medically known as urinary frequency and nocturia)
2. Weak flow of urine
3. Difficulty in initiation of urination (medically known as hesitancy) or having to strain for urine to be released from the bladder.
4. Feeling like you have to go to the toilet urgently to urinate to avoid urinating on yourself.(medically known as urgency)
5. Feeling like you’ve not fully emptied your bladder even after you’ve just used the toilet.
6. Loss of bladder control.
As most men grow older, usually when they are above 50, they may experience prostrate enlargement due to a non-cancerous condition known as benign prostatic hyperplasia which may present with similar symptoms as those mentioned above.
Other symptoms which may indicate that prostate cancer has spread include:
7. Blood in the semen or urine
8. Pain in the bones or back
9. Erectile dysfunction or painful ejaculation.
10. Unexplained weight loss
Any man above 40 years experiencing any of the symptoms mentioned, should visit a standard hospital for proper diagnosis and treatment.