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4 Things you must know about Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity disorder (The Simone Biles story)

Dr. Lala .A.



Most of us have heard or read about Simone Biles, the most decorated American gymnast of all time. She has won a total of nineteen Olympic and World Championship medals, including four gold and a bronze medal at the just concluded Rio Olympics, three-time world all-around champion (2013–15), three-time world floor champion (2013–15), two-time world balance beam champion (2014, 2015), four-time United States national all-around champion (2013–16), and a member of the gold medal-winning American teams at the 2014 and 2015 World Artistic Gymnastics Championships.
However, let’s get to the main gist of the story because her personal achievements are numerous and time will fail me to elucidate on this in this article.
What you may not know, is that she has a condition called ADHD, yeah, that’s short for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. You may or may not have heard of this condition before, but don’t worry fellas, ”what’s my job?” but to keep you informed.




Here are four things to know about ADHD
1. What is ADHD?
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a disorder that has three different types of symptoms:
– Difficulty paying attention (inattention) or focusing on certain tasks
– Being overactive (or hyperactive)
– Acting on impulse (without thinking)




2. What are the pointers to ADHD?
The signs and symptoms of ADHD are broken down into 3 subtypes based on their pattern of behaviour.
A) An inattentive type;
– trouble paying attention to details or a tendency to make careless errors in schoolwork or other activities
– difficulty staying focused on tasks or play activities
– apparent listening problems
– difficulty following instructions
– problems with organization
– avoidance or dislike of tasks that require mental effort
– tendency to lose things like toys, notebooks, or homework, money.
– distractibility
– forgetfulness in daily activities

B) A hyperactive-impulsive type, with signs that include:
– fidgeting or squirming
– difficulty remaining seated
– excessive running or climbing
– difficulty playing quietly
– always seeming to be “on the go”
– excessive talking
– blurting out answers before hearing the full question
– difficulty waiting for a turn or in line
– problems with interrupting or intruding

C) A combined type, a combination of the other two type, is the most common.
ADHD symptoms can appear as early as between the ages of 3 and 6 and can continue through adolescence and adulthood. It is commoner in males than females.




3. What are the causes of ADHD?
The actual cause is unknown but some factors have been linked to development of ADHD which are;
-Exposure to environmental toxins e.g cigarette, alcohol during pregnancy or at young age
-Infections during pregnancy, birth or at young age:
-Low birth weight
-Brain injuries
-Extreme neglect, abuse, or social deprivation




4. What are the treatment options for ADHD?

While there is no cure for ADHD, currently available treatments can help reduce symptoms and improve functioning. Treatments include medication, psychotherapy, education or training, or a combination of treatments.




What you should basically remember
Inattention means a person wanders off task, lacks persistence, has difficulty sustaining focus, and is disorganized; and these problems are not due to defiance or lack of comprehension.
Hyperactivity means a person seems to move about constantly, including situations in which it is not appropriate when it is not appropriate.
Impulsivity means a person makes hasty actions that occur in the moment without first thinking about them and that may have high potential for harm; or a desire for immediate rewards or inability to delay gratification.

Imagine, all these and still a gold medalist.

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Dr. Lala .A. is a graduate of University of Ilorin who also holds a Diploma in Computer Engineering. She is an MDCN (Medical and Dental Council of Nigeria) certified doctor who aspires to be a plastic surgeon involved in creating awareness about women's rights and responsibilities and also training would be surgeons. She is a proud member of various reputable bodies including the Nigerian Medical Association (NMA) and Young Africa Leaders Initiative (YALI). She loves to read, write, sleep and play the drums in her spare time.