Following our several articles on cervical cancer, this is an easy guideline on when to get vaccinated and screened for cervical cancer.
When should you or your children get HPV vaccines. Yes, males too are given HPV vaccines as HPV has been shown to cause cancers (anal cancer), genital warts and other diseases in men.
Two HPV vaccines have been approved for prevention of HPV infection
• Gardasil (HPV4): A quadrivalent vaccine. Three doses are given for vaccination of either males or females.
For girls and women between 9-26 years to prevent cervical cancer, genital warts and anal cancer caused by HPV types 6, 11, 16 and 18
For males between 9-26 years. Three doses are given.
• Cervarix (HPV2): A bivalent vaccine. Three doses are given and it is recommended only for girls and women between 9-25 years of age to prevent cervical cancer caused by HPV types 16 and 18.
This guideline is based on recommendations from several cancer societies and colleges of obstetricians and gynaecologists.
<21 years: No screening recommended
21 -29 years: Cytology (Pap smear) alone every 3 years
30 -65 years: Human Papillomavirus (HPV) and cytology co-testing every 5 years (preferred) or cytology alone every 3 years.
>65 years: No screening recommended if previous screenings have been negative and no high risk for cervical cancer (eg smoking, multiple sexual partners, promiscuous male partners) is not present.