Hemorrhoids, also known as piles, are quite common. They are one of the most common reasons for bleeding in the rectum. Quite a number of people are worried when hemorrhoids occur but most hemorrhoids are harmless and they usually clear up within few weeks. In other words, most hemorrhoids go on their own without treatment.
Here are few things you should know about them:
- They can be internal or external. Internal hemorrhoids are not seen and they are usually not painful. The only sign indicating its occurrence is bleeding from the anus. On the other hand, external hemorrhoids cause bleeding and pain because they are closer to the anus. They often bulge out of the anus
- External hemorrhoids often times cause severe itching around the anus and can make sitting difficult
- During defecation, the walls of the blood vessels stretch, making the veins bulge and irritated
- Although rare, people who have frequent hemorrhoids may become anemic due to loss of blood
- Some of its causes include: family history of hemorrhoids, constipation or diarrhea, straining during physical activity or while lifting a heavy object, pregnancy, obesity, and sitting or standing for too long
Preventing hemorrhoids is quite easy. Ensure that you take enough water daily to prevent constipation. Eat foods rich in fiber, including plenty of fruits and vegetables. It is also important to exercise regularly. As much as you can, avoid a sedentary lifestyle. Whenever you feel the urge to visit the toilet, do not hold back or restrain, go immediately.
Hemorrhoids can be treated at home. Do not attempt to cut an external hemorrhoid; this should be done only by a doctor. Also, do not use soap to clean the anus and its surrounding areas, use warm water only. Soap can aggravate the irritation and worsen the pain and itching. Over the counter medicated creams or ointments can be used to relieve burning and itching. It would also help to soak in a tub of warm water for ten minutes or more every day. This would help relieve the pain. Over-the-counter pain relieving drugs can also be used.
Most hemorrhoids are painless and clear up after few weeks or days; ones that bulge out also usually go back inside on their own. At other times, they can be very painful and won’t go away even after several weeks. When that happens, a doctor should be seen.