Excessive nausea and vomiting during pregnancy is called hyperemesis gravidarum (HG).
What is hyperemesis gravidarum?
Hyperemesis gravidarum is extreme, persistent nausea and vomiting during pregnancy. It usually begins between 4 and 7 weeks, reducing from about 15 weeks of pregnancy and ending by 20 weeks of pregnancy. Unfortunately, for some women, it does not go away completely till the end of pregnancy.
Who are the women likely to have hyperemesis gravidarum?
-You’re expecting your first baby.
-You’re expecting a girl.
-You’re expecting twins or triplets.
-Your sister or mum had HG during their pregnancies.
-You suffered from HG in a past pregnancy.
-You have a history of nausea when using oestrogen-based hormonal contraceptives.
-You’re prone to travel sickness or migraines.
-You were overweight at the start of pregnancy.
What are the symptoms?
-Severe, persistent nausea during pregnancy
-Salivating a lot more than normal
-Light-headedness, weakness, headaches, or fainting
What to do?
Dietary modifications for patients with nausea and vomiting during pregnancy include;
1. Eat when hungry regardless of whether it is normal meal time or not.
2. Eat small frequent meals
3. Avoid fatty and spicy foods.
4. Increase intake of dry foods like crackers especially in the morning.
5. Eliminate iron containing drugs.
6. Ensure you take high protein snacks.
7. Avoid foods that trigger nausea or vomiting.
When to see a doctor?
If you still experience severe nausea and vomiting after changing your diet, do not hesitate to see your doctor.