Mycoplasma genitalium is a type of bacteria that cause sexually transmitted disease. Not very much is known and heard about the bacterium but it nevertheless exists and anyone who is sexually active has a risk of being infected with the bacterium.
These are some uncommon facts about the bacterium you should know:
- Mycoplasma genitalium is contracted by having sexual intercourse with an infected person
- It can also be contracted even when there is no penetrative sexual intercourse; sexual rubbing or touching are other means through which someone can get infected
- Using condom does not completely protect against the infection
- An infected person may or may not show symptoms; it is therefore possible to be infected and not be aware
- For a woman who shows symptoms, symptoms may include: pain in the lower part of the abdomen, bleeding between periods, pain during sex, vaginal discharge and bleeding after sex
- Men who show symptoms may experience burning while urinating and discharge from the penis
Someone who experiences any of these symptoms is often advised to see a doctor. The infected person is usually treated alongside with his/her sexual partner. The infection can be difficult to treat and an infected person might need more treatment if symptoms don’t improve.
Common antibiotics are not very effective in treating the infection and even when someone has been cleared of the infection, there can be a re-occurrence. If left untreated, serious complications can occur. These complications include infection in the urethra, inflamed cervix, pelvic inflammatory disease and fertility problems.
To protect yourself against the infection, the ABC approach is very effective and should be adopted. You should:
- Abstain from sex, or
- be faithful to one partner, and
- use condom the right way each time you have sex