The exact cause of most cancers is not exactly known, however, certain factors have been identified as playing a role in its development.
Cancer is a disease that can affect any part of the body and there are over a hundred types of cancer. Cancer affects as much women as men, but a man is more likely to die from cancer than a woman.
The five most common cancer types that kill men are: lung, stomach, liver, colorectal and oesophagus, in order of frequency. In women, they are: breast, lung, stomach, colorectal and cervical.
According to the World Health Organization, more than 30% of cancer can be prevented. This can be done mainly by:
- Not smoking
Tobacco use is responsible for about 22% of cancer deaths. Ironically, it is the single largest preventable cause of cancer in the world. Smoking does not do the body any good. If you smoke, one of the easiest ways to reduce your risk of cancer is to stop smoking. If you do not smoke, ensure that you do not stay around when a person smokes
- Eating healthy
Quite a number of studies have an association between a diet rich in fruits and vegetables and a reduced risk of cancer. A healthy balanced diet is key in protecting your health. If you consume too much of processed foods, you should begin to cut down on them
- Exercising regularly
To reduce your risk of cancer, you should do all that you can to stay physically active. Move more than you sit; there are a number of ways you can achieve this. Living a sedentary lifestyle where your body moves very little also puts you at risk of other diseases besides cancer
- Avoiding alcohol
Alcohol consumption, regardless of the type (wine, beer or liquor), is a major risk factor for certain types of cancer including mouth, liver, throat, colon and breast. The less alcohol you drink, the lower your risk of developing cancer