Prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer among men, after skin cancer. The disease affects the prostate, a gland of the male reproductive system, located under the bladder and in front of the rectum.
Although the number of deaths occurring from prostate cancer is declining, it is nevertheless still one of the leading causes of death among men, especially among black men.
Prostate cancer mainly occurs in older men (65 years or older) but it can also occur in younger men. There are different treatment methods for the diseases and the choice of treatment would depend on some factors and a patient can have one or more treatments depending on the stage of the cancer.
Here are some important things you need to know about this disease:
- The exact cause of the disease is not known but certain factors which include STDs, obesity, unhealthy diet, family history of the disease and genetics, are believed to increase a man’s risk
- The disease progresses very slowly
- The disease does not show symptoms at an early stage
- When it does show symptoms, it may include: painful urination, weak flow of urine, blood in the urine and frequent urination.
- Most men who are diagnosed with the disease early enough do not die from it
- Eating healthy foods and engaging in regular exercise have been found to reduce a man’s risk of developing the disease